All schools are subject to a duty, to have “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”. This duty is known as the Prevent duty.
DFE advice on Spiritual, Moral, Cultural and Social development (November 2014) affirms that “pupils must be encouraged to regard people of all faiths, races and cultures with respect and tolerance.” This is part of an obligation to meet the requirements of s78 of the Education Act 2002, and schools are “inspected and assessed on their measures to protect their pupils from extremist material” (Tackling Extremism in the UK).
The Prevent Duty Guidance in England and Wales 2015 defines extremism as “vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs.” The DFE Prevent Duty Guidance also includes in their definition of extremism ‘calls for the death of members of our armed forces, whether in this country or overseas’
Schools are expected to fulfil their ‘Prevent’ duties in the following ways:
The Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) has had training in:
Workshop to Raise Awareness of Prevent (WRAP); Radicalisation and Preventing Extremism; Compliance with the Prevent Duty; Channel Awareness Module.
She is the Single Point of Contact for ‘Prevent’ concerns.
The Designated Safeguarding Lead and Deputies have completed the Chanel Awareness Module, which provides guidance on how to identify factors that can make people vulnerable to radicalisation, and case studies illustrating the types of intervention that may be appropriate, in addition to Channel.
All staff have received training from the DSL, including completing the Home Office Training Module. In future, ‘Prevent’ awareness will form an integral part of safeguarding induction for new staff members.
Training provides staff with both a general understanding of the risks affecting children and young people in the area and a specific understanding of how to identify individual children who may be at risk of radicalisation and what to do to support them.
The school practises Safer Recruitment and has in place Codes of Conduct for staff behaviour. All staff and pupils have to sign Acceptable Use policies to be able to use ICT equipment.
Suitable filtering and robust eSafety monitoring in school screens the usage of the internet and social media for sites and terms that could relate to extremist material.
Internet safety is integral to the school’s ICT curriculum and is also embedded in PSHE. Parent Workshops are planned throughout the year to support parents with the skills to ensure that children stay safe online, both in school and outside.
Our attendance policy aims to stop parents taking children out of school, and potentially out of the country, during term time. If we learn that parents still intend to travel, we do our utmost to verify intentions and travel plans.
School has clear Safeguarding and Prevent policies outlining procedures in place for protecting children at risk of radicalisation.
It is recognised that Trustees are a vital component of the school’s ‘Prevent’ role, and that their understanding of the purpose and nature of work to safeguard against extremism is integral to maintaining strong, positive and trusting bonds between school and community. In the event of any uncertainty about how to respond to a concern about vulnerability, school staff would, where possible, discuss the principles with the link Trustee(s) responsible for safeguarding. This would of course maintain confidentiality and no names would be given.
School aims to build pupils’ resilience by providing a safe environment for debating controversial issues and helping them to understand how they can influence and participate in decision-making. The school debate team forms part of a local triad, working alongside schools from contrasting areas. In 2016 and 2017 the school achieved a Gold and Silver award in the Bradford regional tournament. Controversial topics such as ‘It is OK to break the rules in some situations’ and ‘Everyone should be a vegetarian’ are discussed.
The school works in partnership with the Local Authority Safeguarding children’s Board and Prevent Co-ordinator. Effective engagement with parents and families is also important and the school is able to assist and advise families who raise concerns and be able to point them to the right support mechanisms.
How Parents can help to keep children safe from the risk of Radicalisation and Extremism.
The parent/child relationship is the foundation to keeping children safe and supporting their social development and educational attainment. Parenting can be a challenging task. Maintaining a positive relationship can sometimes be difficult as children grow and develop and seek an identity that may be different from their own family. Children and young people have a natural curiosity which as parents we want to encourage. However, as our children grow up we have to take different steps to ensure their safety. Currently a number of young girls and boys have been persuaded to leave the country against the wishes of their families, or in secret, putting themselves in extreme danger. This leaflet sets out information to help parents keep their children safe and explains how they should respond if they have a concern.
Why might a young person be drawn Why might a young person be drawn towards extremist ideologies?
How might this happen?
The internet provides entertainment, connectivity and interaction. Children may need to spend a lot of time on the internet while studying and they may use other social media and messaging sites such as Facebook, Youtube, Twitter, Instagram, Vine or Whatsapp. These can be useful tools, but we need to be aware there are powerful programmes and networks that use these media to reach out to young people and can communicate extremist messages.
Young people at risk may display extrovert behaviour, start getting into trouble at school or on the streets and may mix with other children who behave badly, but this is not always the case.
There are no typical characteristics of young people who may be more at risk than others. However a sudden change in behaviour could be a potential indicator. Sometimes those at risk may be encouraged, by the people they are in contact with, not to draw attention to themselves. If you feel there is a change in your child’s behaviour, parents are encouraged to inquire about their children’s wellbeing.
It is important for parents to keep an open channel of communication that involves listening to their children’s views and concerns. You may not always agree with your child, but you should convey to them that you’ve understood his or her point of view and want the best for them in life. However, if you are concerned about your child, you may want to talk to a local faith or community leader, person of influence or teacher.
TV and media
The media provide a view on world affairs. However, this is often a very simple version of events which, in reality, are very complex. Children may not understand the situation fully or appreciate the dangers involved in the views of some groups. They may see things in simple terms and not have the whole picture
Recognising Extremism – signs may include:
How can parents support children and young people to stay safe?
Explain that anyone who tells them to keep secrets from their family or teachers is likely to be trying to do them harm or put them in danger
If you have any concerns that your child may be being influenced by others get help – talk to someone you can trust, this could be your faith leader, family members who are peers of your children, or outside help.
If you feel there is a risk of a child leaving the country, consider what safeguards you could take to avert travel. You might want to consider taking the precaution of securing their passport in a safe place.
Some young people do not need a passport for confirming their age, they can apply for an identification card as an alternative.
You should also consider what access your child has to savings accounts or gifts of money from family and friends. You may wish to suggest that gifts are made in kind and not in cash.
The Active Change Foundation (ACF) provide a confidential helpline to prevent British nationals from travelling to conflict zones.
ACF Confidential helpline telephone number is 020 8539 2770
You can also contact Crimestoppers anonymously on 0800 555 111
Anyone with concerns for the safety or wellbeing of a child or young person can contact:
In the Bradford district, these are the numbers that you can ring for advice and to make a referral:
Imminent threat of harm to others contact:
Police 999 or Anti-Terrorist Hotline 0800 789 321
If you have a concern please talk to your child’s class teacher or another person in the school that you trust as soon as possible. They will be able to help and can access support for you and your child.
The Bradford Family Learning
Offer a range of parenting programmes, internet safety and parent support activities. For information about programmes available for families. Telephone: 01274 378409 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Available to all parents in Bradford. The programmes help parents build and maintain positive relationships and manage children’s behaviour
Internet Safety Sessions
Available for parents to increase their knowledge and confidence to help keep their child safe on-line, ask your child’s school if sessions are available
Bradford Council’s Family Information Service
Provides up-to-date information on a range of services for children, young people and families.
Website has lots of information, advice and resources which can be used to help children stay safe online
Protecting our children from Radicalisation and Extremism
Rainbow Primary School, Nelson Street, Bradford, BD5 0HD
Phone: 01274 221400 Email: email@example.com
Our office staff taking calls are: Miss Tommis-Newberry and Mr Rauf
Arshad Javed – Acting Chief Executive Officer | Stephanie Ngenda – Head of School | Helen Whelan – SENDCO
Amjad Pervez – Chair of The Trust – Amjad.firstname.lastname@example.org or
by post C/O Rainbow Primary School, Nelson Street, Bradford, BD5 0HD